Journal sections
Archive and statistics
Log in

Печатный вестник PRINTED
Издательство МГОУ Publishing house the

Our address: 105005, Moscow, Radio street,10a, office 98.

+7 (495) 780-09-42 add. 1740,
+7 (495) 723-56-31


Work schedule: Monday to Thursday from 10-00 to 17-30,

Friday from 10:00 to 16-00,

lunch break from 13:00 to 14-00.



BK Facebook Telegram Twitter Instagram

Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Psychology" / 2020 № 3.


I.A. Gorkovaya, A.V. Miklyaeva

SUBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT OF URBAN ENVIRONMENT SECURITY AS A PREDICTOR OF YOUTH RESILIENCE. In: Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University (electronic journal), 2020, no. 3.


UDC Index: 159.9

Date of publication: 25.09.2020

The full text of the article

Downloads count Downloads count: 4


Aim. Analysis of the contribution of urban safety assessments to youth resilience.
Methodology. The authors analyzed the results of a survey of 207 male and female respondents aged 17–23 years from different regions of Russia, which was conducted with Child and Youth Resilience Measure and questionnaire on the basis of Social and Health Assessment Scales.
Results. The “safety of the urban environment” construct for young people is represented mainly by threats associated with the possibility of victimization by people who are not in the immediate environment. The assessment of urban environment safety is a significant predictor of the youth resilience.
Research implications. Proposals for the development of programs for strengthening the resilience of youth are formulated: the analysis of attitudes regarding the safety of urban space and the formation of safe behavior skills in an urban environment is presented.

Key words

resilience, youth, urban environment safety assessment, predictors of resilience, gender differences

List of references

1. Bogomaz S. A., Kozlova N. V. [Psychological safety as a condition for personality development (analytical review of the current state of psychological safety)]. In: Materialy vserossiiskoi konferentsii «Sintez teorii i praktiki upravleniya regionom» : regional’naya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya [Proceedings of the All-Russian conference “Synthesis of the regional management theory and practice” : regional scientific and practical conference]. Tomsk, 2009, pp. 27–35.
2. Bogomaz S. A., Kozlova N. V. [A model of personal development of adolescents and young men, taking into account their sense of their own security in the context of the transformation of Russian society]. In: Sibirskii psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Siberian Psychological Journal], 2010, no. 36, pp. 14–19.
3. Kozlova N. V., Panferova O. V., Atamanova I. V., Meshcheryakova E. I., Levitskaya T. E., Zueva D. E. [The influence of psychological safety on the assessment of the quality of life]. In: Sbornik nauchnykh statei po materialam kongressa «Psikhicheskoe zdorov’e cheloveka XXI veka» [Collection of scientific articles based on the materials of the congress “Mental health of the person of the XXI century”]. Moscow, Gorodets Publ., 2016, pp. 119–122.
4. Zotova O. Yu. [Psychological safety: a subjective image of objective reality?]. In: Vektory psikhologicheskoi bezopasnosti sovremennogo obshchestva: doverie i sub’ektivnoe blagopoluchie : Materialy VII mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma [Vectors of psychological safety of modern society: trust and subjective well-being : Proceedings of the VII international symposium]. Ekaterinburg, Publishing House “Humanitarian University” Publ., 2016, pp. 28–32.
5. Kuftyak E. V. [Age and gender characteristics of vitality in adolescence]. In: Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pedagogika. Psikhologiya. Sotsiokinetika [Bulletin of the Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics], 2017, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 31–33.
6. Laktionova A. I. Zhiznesposobnost’ i sotsial’naya adaptatsiya podrostkov [Vitality and social adaptation of adolescents]. Moscow, Institute of Psychology RAS Publishing House Publ., 2017. 236 p.
7. Lyz’ N. A. [Human safety in the mirror of science]. In: Izvestiya Taganrogskogo gosudarstvennogo radiotekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Taganrog State Radio Engineering University], 2004, no. 1, pp. 138–142.
8. Makhnach A. V. Zhiznesposobnost’ cheloveka i sem’i: sotsial’no-psikhologicheskaya paradigma [Human and family vitality: social and psychological paradigm]. Moscow, Institute of Psychology RAS Publishing House Publ., 2016. 459 p.
9. Makhnach A. V. [Human vitality as a subject of study in psychological science]. In: Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological journal], 2017, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 5–16. DOI: 10.7868/S0205959217040018.
10. Miklyaeva A. V., Rumyantseva P. V. Gorodskaya identichnost’ zhitelya sovremennogo megapolisa: resurs lichnostnogo blagopoluchiya ili zona povyshennogo riska? [Urban identity of a modern metropolis inhabitant: a resource for personal well-being or a high-risk area?]. St. Petersburg, Speech Publ., 2011. 160 p.
11. Nalichaeva S. A., Dyachuk A. K. [Vitality as a factor of resistance to maladaptive manifestations in young people]. In: Institut psikhologii Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk. Organizatsionnaya psikhologiya i psikhologiya truda [Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Organizational Psychology and Labor Psychology], 2019, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 44–91.
12. Perelygina E. B., Zotova O. Yu., Tarasova L. V., Belousova N. A. [Predictors of an individual assessment of safety]. In: Chelovecheskii capital [Human capital], 2018, no. 3 (111), pp. 67–78.
13. Shamionov R. M. [Subjective well-being and psychological safety of a person]. In: Shuvanov I. B., Shuvanova V. P., Baranova S. A., Makarevskaya Yu. E. Druzhininskie chteniya : Sbornik materialov XV Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Druzhinin Readings: Proceedings of the XV All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference]. Sochi, Sochi State University Publishing House Publ., 2016, pp. 171–175.
14. Eisman А. В., Stoddard S. A., Heinze J., Caldwell C. H., Zimmerman M. A. Depressive Symptoms, Social Support, and Violence Exposure Among Urban Youth: A Longitudinal Study of Resilience. In: Developmental Psychology, 2015, vol. 51 (9), pp. 1307–1316. DOI: 10.1037/a0039501.
15. Fergus S., Zimmerman M. A. Adolescent resilience: A framework for understanding healthy development in the face of risk. In: Annual Review of Public Health, 2005, vol. 26, pp. 399–419. DOI: annurev.publhealth.26.021304.144357.
16. Frey C. U., Röthlisberger C. Social support in healthy adolescents. In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 1996, vol. 25, pp. 17–31.
17. Drobyshev I. A., Lykova S. N., Makushkina N. D., Vorontsova I. P. Interdisciplinary study of safety perception of urban environment as a factor contributing to development of contemporary urbanization processes typology. In: Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences, 2017, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1876–1882. DOI: 10.17516/1997-1370-0188.
18. Pynoos R. S., Frederick C., Nader K. et al. Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school-age children. In: Archives of General Psychiatry, 1987, vol. 44 (12), pp. 1057–1063
19. Marley C., Mauki B. Resilience and protective factors among refugee children post-migration to high-income countries: a systematic review. In: European Journal of Public Health, 2019, vol. 29 (4), pp. 706–713. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/cky232.
20. Masten A. S. Global perspectives on resilience in children and youth. In: Child Development, 2014, vol. 85, pp. 6–20. DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12205.
21. Nurius P., LaValley K., Kim M.-H. Victimization, Poverty, and Resilience Resources: Stress Process Considerations for Adolescent Mental Health. In: School Mental Health, 2020, vol. 12 (1), pp. 124–135. DOI: 10.1007/s12310-019-09335-z.
22. Richters J. E., Martinez P. The NIMH community violence project: I. Children as victims of and witnesses to violence. In: Psychiatry, 1993, vol. 56 (1), pp. 7–21.
23. Schultze-Lutter F., Schimmelmann B. G., Schmidt S. J. Resilience, risk, mental health and well-being: Associations and conceptual differences. In: European Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2016, vol. 25, pp. 459–466. DOI: 10.1007/s00787-016-0851-4.
24. Ungar M., Hadfield К. Canadian The Differential Impact of Environment and Resilience on Youth Outcomes. In: Journal of Behavioural Science, 2019, vol. 51, pp. 135–146. DOI: 10.1037/cbs0000128.
25. Ungar M., Liebenberg L. Assessing resilience across cultures using mixed methods: Construction of the child and youth resilience measure. In: Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 2011, vol. 5(2), pp. 126–149. DOI: 10.1177/1558689811400607.

Лицензия Creative Commons