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Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Politics" / 2021 № 2.


A.V. Manoilo

INFORMATION WARFARE AND NEW POLITICAL REALITY (II). In: Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University (electronic journal), 2021, no. 2, pp. 110-148.


UDC Index: 327

Date of publication: 22.06.2021 Page: 110 - 148

The full text of the article

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Aim. Continuation of the study (Part I published in the Bulletin of Moscow Region State University (e-journal), 2021, no. 1) of the latest practice (forms, methods, tools and technologies) of information operations, the peculiarities of their hybridization, as well as the latest forms and methods of counteraction.

Methodology. The growing militarization of the information space leads to a change in views on the use of force to change the geopolitical balance. This, in its turn, is leading to a real technological revolution in the field of information, hybrid and trade wars. The study of this kind of complex, complexly organized processes and schemes requires application of the methodology of systemic analysis of opening and algorithmicization of all information and psychological influence “chains” used in information operations of a new type.

Results. The article reveals in detail the main forms, schemes, elements of information operations of a modern type, demonstrates exactly what information injections are and what exactly they are intended for; using the example of specific information operations (“Venezuelan precedent” and “Operation Gedeon” 2019–2020), it is revealed how exactly information throws are used in modern tactical (operational games) and strategic information warfare operations; highlights the general lines and main strategies of conducting an information war against Russia. On the example of the Russian practice of conducting information counter-operations (The Cabello Case in 2019, the Skripal Readings in 2019, The Search for a Russian Mole in the CIA in 2019 (an operational game with R. O’Brien), etc.), the latest forms and methods of organizing counteraction to information operations of foreign states and operational games of foreign intelligence services are shown.

Research implications. Information about the latest forms and methods of organizing and conducting information operations can be used in the work of state bodies responsible for organizing a systemic counteraction to information aggression of foreign states, and will also be useful to political scientists, political strategists and specialists in countering destructive political technologies.

Key words

international relations, politics, information war, hybrid war, information operation, operational combination, Russia, USA, national security

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