Journal sections
Archive and statistics
Log in



or
Печатный вестник PRINTED
JOURNALS OF
MRSU
Издательство МГОУ Publishing house the
MRSU
CONTACT US:

Our address: 105005, Moscow, Radio street,10a, office 98.

Telephone:
+7 (495) 780-09-42 add. 1740,
+7 (495) 723-56-31

E-mail: info@evestnik-mgou.ru,
e-mag@mgou.ru

Work schedule: Monday to Thursday from 10-00 to 17-30,

Friday from 10:00 to 16-00,

lunch break from 13:00 to 14-00.

 

WE IN SOCIAL MEDIA

BK Facebook Telegram Twitter Instagram

Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Politics" / 2021 № 3.

 

K.N. Akhmadeev, M.G. Bresler, A.V. Manoilo

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FAKE NEWS AS AN INFORMATION WAR TOOL IN THE PERCEPTION BY GENERATION Z. In: Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University (electronic journal), 2021, no. 3.

Doi:10.18384/2224-0209-2021-3-1084


UDC Index: 32.019.51

Date of publication: 30.08.2021

The full text of the article

Downloads count Downloads count: 22

Abstract


Generation Z, that will allow adapting the tool in the near future.
Methodology. For the study, the information and communication method was chosen, based on the identification of both the structure of communication links between and within groups, and the information content of communication reflecting the perception of values and carried out within the framework of the cluster-network model. In accordance with the goals and objectives of the study, a qualitative and quantitative study of the perception of FN by university students in Ufa, Moscow and St. Petersburg was conducted. The study involved up to 500 students of bachelor’s degrees in the humanities, as well as technical and natural science areas. 10 in-depth interviews were conducted with representatives of Generation Z (18–22 years).
Results. It is revealed that the majority of Generation Z have a negative attitude to the fact of deception in the digital environment. As a result of the analysis of the fake news perception by Generation Z, it was revealed that most often fake news is related to international relations and Russia’s foreign policy. It is determined that the young people evaluate the effectiveness of fake news as an information war tool in at least two aspects: firstly, they believe that fake news can be targeted at certain professional structures, specific institutions and organizations, specific people or groups of people; secondly, fake news affecting the values of the population can have an impact on public opinion, appealing to which the actors of world politics can make certain decisions.
Research implications. Information about the effectiveness of fake news as an information war tool in the perception by Generation Z can be used in the context of further studying information wars as a modern phenomenon, in developing measures to counter destructive political technologies, and will also be useful for political scientists and political technologists.

Key words


fake news, fake, information war, unconventional war, generation Z

List of references


1. Akhmadeyev K. N., Bresler M. G. [Analysis of Fake News in the Discourse of Network Being]. In: Pol’zovatel’skiy kontent v sovremennoy kommunikatsii: Sbornik materialov I Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, Chelyabinsk, 22–23 aprelya 2021 [User Content in Modern Communication: Proceedings of the I International Scientific and Practical Conference, Chelyabinsk, April 22–23 2021]. Chelyabinsk, Chelyabinsk State University, 2021, pp. 273–276.
2. Ahmadeev K. N. [Theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of the Crimean Tatar ethnopolitical process]. In: Islam v sovremennom mire [Islam in the modern world], 2019, no. 15 (2), pp. 151–166. DOI: doi.org/10.22311/2074-1529-2019-15-2-151-1661.
3. Bresler M. G., Murzagulov R.R., Suleymanov A. R. [Transformation of political communication and PR-activities in the digital society]. In: Zhurnal politicheskikh issledovaniy [Journal of Political Research], 2019, vol. 3, no 3, pp. 125–132.
4. Bresler M. G. Ontologiya setevogo bytiya [Ontology of Network Being]. Ufa: Publishing House of Ufa State Petroleum Technical University, 2020. 110 p. DOI 10.12731/978-5-7831-2005-3
5. Bresler M. G. [Post-truth perceptions in the Cluster Paradigm]. In: Vek informacii [The Age of Information], 2018, no. 2-1, pp. 300–302.
6. Elhova O. I. [Virtuality Index: A Philosophical Rationale]. In: Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) federal’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye i socyal’nye nauki [Vestnik of Northern (Arctic) Federal University. Series “Humanitarian and Social Sciences”], 2021, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 99–107. DOI: 10.37482/2687-1505-V106
7. Karmanov M. V., Zolotareva O. A. [Statistics as a tool of information warfare]. In: Vestnik NGUEU, 2019, no. 4, pp. 114–121. DOI: 10.34020/2073-6495-2019-4-114-121
8. Latour B. Peresborka social’nogo: vvedenie v aktorno-setevuyu teoriyu [Reassembling the Social: an Introduction to actor-network Theory]. Moscow, Publishing House of the Higher School of Economics., 2014, 384 p.
9. Manojlo A. V., Petrenko A. I., Frolov D. B. Gosudarstvennaya informacionnaya politika v usloviyah informacionno-psihologicheskih konfliktov vysokoj intensivnosti i social’noj opasnosti [State information policy in conditions of information and psychological conflicts of high intensity and social danger]. Moscow, MEPHI Publ., 2004. 392 p.
10. Manojlo A. V. [“Fake news” as a threat to national security and an information management tool]. In: Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 12: Politicheskie nauki [Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 12. Political Science], 2019, no. 2, pp. 37–45.
11. Panarin I. N. SMI, propaganda i informacionnye vojny [Massmedia, propaganda and information wars]. Moscow, Pokolenie Publ., 2012. 260 p.
12. Pochepcov G. G. Informacionnye vojny [Information Wars]. Moscow, Refl-buk Publ., Kiev, Vakler Publ., 2000. 576 p.
13. Trishin V. N. [Complete (integrated) reference dictionary of the Russian language and a comparative analysis of the power of the languages of Russian and Western (Anglo-Saxon) civilizations.]. In: Nauchnoye obozreniye: gumanitarnyye issledovaniya [Science Review: Humanities Research], 2017, no. 14–15, pp. 100–105.
14. Cyganov V. V., Buharin S. N. Informacionnye vojny v biznese i politike. Teoriya i metodologiya [Information wars in business and politics. Theory and methodology]. Moscow, Akademicheskij proekt [Academic project Publ.], 2007. 336 p.
15. Alberts D. Defensive Information Warfare. Washington, National Defense University Press Book, 1996, 39 p. Available at: http://www.dodccrp.org/files/Alberts_Defensive.pdf (accessed: 20.07.2021).
16. Botha J., Pieterse H. Fake News and Deepfakes. In: A Dangerous Threat for 21st Century Information Security: 15t International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security, Norfolk, 2020, pp. 57–66.
17. Bresler M., Galiullina S., Gerasimova D. Transformation of the values of Generation Z– Residents of the digital society of sustainable development. In: E3S Web of Conferences, Yekaterinburg, September 28th–29th, 2020. Yekaterinburg, 2020. Available at: https://www.e3s-conferences.org/articles/e3sconf/pdf/2020/68/e3sconf_ift2020_09043.pdf (accessed: 20.07.2021).
18. Cronin B., Crawford H. Information Warfire: It’s Application in Military and Civilian Contexts. In: The Information Society, 1999, vol. 15, pp. 257–263.
19. Denning D. E. Information warfare and security. Washington, GPG, 1999. 260 p.
20. Gottfried J., Shearer E. News use across social media platforms 2017. In: Pew Research Center. Available at: http: journalism.org/2017/09/07/news-use-across-social-media-platforms-2017 (accessed: 15.06.2021).
21. Guess A., Nagler J., Tucker J. Less than you think: Prevalence and predictors of fake news dissemination on Facebook. In: Science advances, 2019, vol. 5, no. 1, p. eaau4586. Available at: https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/1/eaau4586/tab-pdf (accessed: 20.07.2021). DOI: 10.1126 / sciadv. aau4586.
22. Harley J. A. Information, technology, and center of gravity. In: Naval War College Review, 1997, vol. L, no. 1, pp. 65–80. Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol50/iss1/5 (accessed: 15.06.2021).
23. Klein D., Wueller J. Fake News: A Legal Perspective (March 8th, 2017). In: Journal of Internet Law, 2017, vol. 20, no. 10. Available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2958790 (accessed: 17.06.2021).
24. Kornish P. On Cyber Warfare. London: The Royal Institute of International Affairs, 2010. 124 p.
25. Lazer D. M. J., Baum M. A., Benkler Y., Berinsky A. J., Greenhill K. M., Menczer F., Zittrain J. L. The science of fake news. In: Science, 2018, no. 359 (6380), pp. 1094–1096. DOI: doi.org/10.1126/science.aao2998
26. Linebarger P. M. A. Psychological Warfare: International Propaganda and Communications. Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1954. 318 p.
27. Liu Y., Dehmamy N., Barabбsi A. L. Isotopy and energy of physical networks. In: Nature Physics, 2021, iss. 17, vol. 2, pp. 216–222. DOI: 10.1038/s41567-020-1029-z
28. Macdonald S. Propaganda and Information Warfare in the Twenty-First Century. London, Routledge, 2007. 204 p.
29. Manoilo A. Modern-Day Information Warfare and Hybrid War Operations : Analytical Dossier. Available at: https://www.vision-gt.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/AD_22_2021.pdf (accessed: 17.06.2021).
30. Peters M. A. The Information Wars, Fake News and the End of Globalisation. In: Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2017, no. 50 (13), pp. 1–4. DOI: 10.1080/00131857.2017.1417200
31. Ivančík R. Informačná vojna – jeden z multidisciplinárnych fenoménov súčasnej ľudskej spoločnosti. In: Politickй Vedy, 2021, vol. 24, no. 1,
32. pp. 135–152. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2021.24.1
33. Rampersad G., Althiyabi T. Fake news: Acceptance by demographics and culture on social media. In: Journal of Information Technology & Politics, 2020, no. 17-1, pp. 1–11. DOI: 10.1080/19331681.2019.1686676
34. Schiavo R. Vaccine communication in the age of COVID-19: Getting ready for an information war. In: Journal of Communication in Healthcare: Strategies, Media, and Engagement in Global Health, 2020, no. 13-2, pp. 73–75. DOI: 10.1080/17538068.2020.1778959
35. Szafranski R. A. Theory of Information Warfare: Preparing for 2020. In: Airpower Journal, 1995, vol. IX, no. 1, pp. 56–65.

Лицензия Creative Commons