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Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Russian Philology" / 2013 № 1.


P.A. Lekant

ANALITISM IN THE PARTICLES OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE. In: Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University (electronic journal), 2013, no. 1.

UDC Index: 811.161.1'366

Date of publication: 27.02.2013

The full text of the article

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Particles as an auxiliary part of speech are meant to express various shades of meaning of full words or sentences. Lexical and grammatical meanings of particles depend largely on their syntactic usage, their environment (distribution). Grammatical theory of particles divides them into some classes, which have common features and functions: intensifying particles, demonstrative, restrictive, negative, interrogative, etc. The number of classes, as well as the total number of particles, differs much in scientific works. The total number of Russian particles in various scientific sources varies from three–four dozen to two–three hundred. The number of components of the particles in the Russian language is not limited – from one component to three or four, or even more: ну да как же тут и не поверить. The particles are created as the result of desemantisation and grammatisation of full words: for example, где там is negation. Not every multi-component particle is analytical; the degree of analyticity is different in phraseological, complicated, compound, and paired particles.

Key words

analytism, desemantisation, grammatisation, multi-component, intensifiers

List of references

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