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Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Jurisprudence" / 2013 № 4.

 

L.V. Batiev

[Legislation, Justice and Law in the European Philosophy (from Antiquity to the Early Modern Period) ] In: Bulletin of the Moscow Regional State University (electronic journal) [Bulletin of the Moscow Regional State University (electronic journal)], 2013, no. 4.


UDC Index: 34.01

Date of publication: 26.12.2013

The full text of the article

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Abstract


The paper describes the evolution of the concepts of legislation, justice and law in the European legal thought. The distinction between ius and lex is related to the peculiarities of the development of Roman law. Aristotle treats the law as a result of the application of the act of legislation. The concept of ius had, amongst the others, a similar meaning in Roman law. The law in this sense appears to be a primary concept. Justice was associated with the law and was reduced to the principle of equality. The special meaning of ius - just by nature – was singled out due to Roman lawyers’ aspiration to justify its character. Saint Thomas Aquinas combined Aristotle’s doctrine of justice with Cicero?and the Roman lawyers’ doctrine of the law (ius). In?the?early modern period the reduction of the concept of legislation to the concept of justice loses its relevance, legislation is clearly interpreted as freedom.

Key words


legislation, justice, law, liberty, equality, nature.

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