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Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Biology" / 2013 № 4.

 

S.A. Golovanov, R.N. Arkhipov, N.D. Anokhina, M.M. Rasulov

[Role of physical activity in preventive maintenance and Treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Literature Survey ] In: Bulletin of the Moscow Regional State University (electronic journal) [Bulletin of the Moscow Regional State University (electronic journal)], 2013, no. 4.


UDC Index: 612. 017.2: 613.84

Date of publication: 26.12.2013

The full text of the article

Downloads count Downloads count: 30

Abstract


The review gives modern scientific data on the role of physical activity in preventive maintenance and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. It is shown that regular physical activity influences health and labor productivity positively. These effects are easily predicted, depend on the amount of physical activity, and are suitable for a wide range of persons. The authors present the data on the changes of the NO levels, free radical levels and the inhibitors of free radicals in cells. Besides, there is information about the molecular processes in endothelium and muscles (such as high level of metabolism of phosphates and lowered expression of NAD(P)H oxidaze), depending on the intensity of the physical exercises which show the decrease of oxidative stress at moderate physical activity. Recommendations on programming the exercises for the persons suffering from various cardiovascular diseases are presented.

Key words


physical activity, cardiovascular disease prevention, molecular processes, oxidative stress.

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