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Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "History" / 2014 № 1.

 

Y.V. Shchedrina

LEGAL REGULATION OF VOLOST JUDGES STATUS IN DRAFTING COMMITTEE PROJECTS (1902?1904.). In: Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University (electronic journal), 2014, no. 1.


UDC Index: 94/99

Date of publication: 27.03.2014

The full text of the article

Downloads count Downloads count: 29

Abstract


The article deals with the restructuring plans of peasant justice, developed under the aegis of the Ministry of Home Affairs in 1902?1904. The author studies the formation of the Drafting Committee, its organizational and legal forms of work. The norms of “Project of volost court” regulating the legal status of volost judges are analysed. The author concludes that the Drafting Committee proposed a number of effective measures to improve the legal status of volost judges. However, the views on the need of noble people paternalism over peasants, prevailing in the Commission, prevented the legislation of an essential principle of justice, that is: independence of the judiciary from any administrative authorities. While Financial considerations did not allow to create an effective mechanism for socio-economic guarantees of volost judges independence.

Key words


volost court, the Drafting Committee, the peasant question, the independence of judges, D.S Sipyagin, V.K. Pleve, V.I. Gurko

List of references


1. Krivoshein K.A. Aleksandr Vasil'evich Krivoshein. Sud'ba rossiiskogo reformatora. M.: Moskovskii rabochii, 1993. – 263 s.
2. Ob uchrezhdenii Gubernskikh Soveshchanii po peresmotru zakonodatel'stva o krest'yanakh: Imennoi vysochaishii ukaz, dannyi Senatu ot 8 yanvarya 1904 g. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiiskoi imperii. – Sobr. III. T. XXIV. CH. 1. No. 23860. SPb., 1907.
3. Ocherk rabot Redaktsionnoi komissii Trudy Redaktsionnoi komissii po peresmotru zakonopolozhenii o krest'yanakh. Tom I. Svod vyrabotannykh komissiei zakonoproektov. SPb., 1903. – pp. 1–99.
4. Proekt o volostnom sude Trudy Redaktsionnoi komissii po peresmotru zakonopolozhenii o krest'yanakh. Tom. I. Svod vyrabotannykh komissiei zakonoproektov. SPb., 1903. – pp. 171–241.
5. Proekt Polozheniya o volostnom sude s ob"yasneniyami Trudy redaktsionnoi komissii po peresmotru zakonopolozhenii o krest'yanakh. T. III. Proekty polozheniya o volostnom sude i volostnom ustave o nakazaniyakh s ob"yasneniyami. SPb.: Tip. Ministerstva vnutrennikh del, 1904. – pp. 1–292.
6. Tyukavkin V.G. Velikorusskoe krest'yanstvo i stolypinskaya agrarnaya reforma. M.: Pamyatniki istoricheskoi mysli, 2001. – 304 s.
7. SHCHerbakova I.K. Osoboe Soveshchanie o nuzhdakh sel'skokhozyaistvennoi promyshlennosti i Redaktsionnaya komissiya Ministerstva vnutrennikh del kak al'ternativnye tsentry obsuzhdeniya krest'yanskogo voprosa v nachale KHKH veka (1902–1905 gg.): dis. … kand. ist. nauk. M., 2003. – 272 s.

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