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Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Politics" / 2014 № 2.

 

A.V. Meshkova

ESTABLISHMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE OMBUDSMAN INSTITUTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES. In: Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University (electronic journal), 2014, no. 2.


UDC Index: 341.231.14

Date of publication: 24.04.2014

The full text of the article

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Abstract


The basic prerequisites for formation and establishment of the Ombudsman institution in foreign countries are revealed in the article. Besides, the experience of this institution functioning in different countries is examined. In the article the peculiarities of the legal status of the Ombudsman institution are studied. The requirements to the candidates for the position of the Ombudsman are also considered in the article, as well as the common features of the majority of the ombudsmen are explored. The basic models of formation of the Ombudsman institution abroad are analyzed in the article. General directions of the UN Ombudsman’s activities are also covered. The peculiarities of the appointment and dismissal of ombudsmen in different countries are revealed. The principle of independence, common to all the ombudsmen, is considered as one of the most important principles for the implementation of ombudsmen’s activities. The features of legislative consolidation of the ombudsman institution are also researched.

Key words


the Ombudsman, commissioner for human rights, ensuring and protection of citizens’ rights, Parliamentary Ombudsman, advisory nature, consideration of complaints, mediator

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