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Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Philological sciences" / 2016 № 2.


L.A. Ivanova

BRET HARTE AND FENIMORE COOPER: THE EXPERIENCE OF A PARODICAL RETHINKING OF AMERICAN ROMANTIC HERITAGE. In: Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University (electronic journal), 2016, no. 2.


UDC Index: 821(7)5

Date of publication: 29.06.2016

The full text of the article

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The article is devoted to the research of creative peculiarities of the Frencis Bret Harte’s «Muck- a-Muck», the parody on Fenimore Cooper’s five-part “The Leatherstocking Tales”. Using burlesque and travesty hyperboles the parodist creates a comic image of Cooper’s artistic style in order to discredit it in the context of literary struggle which was aimed at creating an original American literature in the second half of the XIX century. F. Cooper’s creative activity, being a symbol of Romanticism receding into the past, became the main target of Realistic criticism. Bret Harte’s parody initiated the anti-Cooper campaign in the American literature

Key words

Bret Harte, Fenimore Cooper, literary struggle, American literature, parody, hyperbole, comic image

List of references

1. Bret Harte F. Romany v szhatom izlozhenii [Condensed Novels] // Sobranie sochineniy v 6 t. [Collection of Works in 6 V.]. M., Pravda, 1996. Vol.1, рр. 527–554.
2. Cooper J.F. Pioneryi, ili U istokov Saskuihannyi [The Pioneers, or The Sources of the Susquehanna]. Syiktyivkar, Komi kn. izd-vo, 1990. 416 p.
3. Twain M. Eschyo o literaturnyih grehah Fenimora Kupera [Fenimore Cooper’s Literary Faults] // Pisateli SShA o literature [The USA Writers on Literature]. M., Progress, 1982, vol.1, pp. 191–197.
4. Twain M. Yanki iz Konnektikuta pri dvore korolya Artura [A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court] // Sobranie sochineniy v 8 t. [Collection of Works in 8 V.]. M., Pravda, 1980. T. 6. 426 p.
5. Sheynker V.N. Istoricheskiy roman Dzheymsa Fenimora Kupera, ego istoki i svoeobrazie [James Fenimore Cooper’s Historical Novel, its Origins and Originality]. Ivanovskiy gosudarstvennyiy universitet, 1980. 62 p.
6. Sheynker V.N. Mark Tven i Fenimor Kuper [Mark Twain and Fenimore Cooper] // Metod i masterstvo [Approach and Mastery].Vologda, 1970, no. 2, pp. 121–135.
7. Shemyakin A.M. Istoricheskaya proza Marka Tvena [Historical Fiction by Mark Twain] // Mark Tven i ego rol v razvitii amerikanskoy realisticheskoy literaturyi [Mark Twain and his Role in the Development of the Realistic American Literature]. M., Nauka, 1987, pp. 72–86.

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