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Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Politics" / 2019 № 2.


A.A. Shirinyants, S.A. Spartak

HE FIRST RUSSIAN REVOLUTION IN THE WORKS OF AMERICAN SOCIALISTS. In: Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University (electronic journal), 2019, no. 2.


UDC Index:

Date of publication: 30.04.2019

The full text of the article

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In the context of the research of the evolution of ideas about Russia spread in the United States at the beginning of the 20th century the article studies the approaches to the definition of the essence, role and place in the historical process of the First Russian Revolution of 1905–1907. Its assessments in the works of American socialists are also given. Based on the historical, political and political-textual analysis of W. E. Walling’s works “The social revolution in Russia”, “How is it with the Russian revolution”, A. Bullard’s “An eye-witness’s story of the Russian revolution”, K.  Durland’s “The Kronstadt fiasco” and etc., it is shown that those were the socialists who formed in the American socio-political discourse and public opinion a new image of Russia – a country that is ready for changes and is able to make these changes, is ready to undertake political and religious modernization and then follow the path of progress. The conclusion is substantiated that this socialist image hope pressed the amorphous ideas of the liberals about the “Eastern giant” and was opposed to the negative image formed by the American conservatives, and in this connection one can speak of the dualistic image of Russia in the views of the Americans, based upon the events of the First Russian Revolution of 1905–1907.

Key words

the First Russian revolution of 1905–1907, the USA, the image of Russia, the American socialists, Russophobia

List of references

1. Gutorov V. A., Shirinyants A. A., Shutov A. Yu. [Two civilizations: the relations of Russia and Western Europe at the beginning of the 21st century]. In: Baltiiskii region [Baltic Region], 2018, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 132–141.
2. Gutorov V. А., Sрirinyants А. А. [Terrorism and revolution]. In: Przegląd Strategiczny, 2018, no. 11, pp. 243–255.
3. Margusheva А. Z., Shirinyants А. А. [Russophobia and counter-propaganda: the historical experience of the Russian empire]. In: Vek informatsii [Information age], 2018, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 44–45.
4. Shutov А. Yu. et al. [Russia in the Western mirror: reflections and distortions. Russian question in the history of politics and thought. Аntologiya]. In: Tetradi po konservatizmu. Al’manakh Fonda ISEPI [Essays on conservatism. Аlmanac of ISEPR Foundation], 2015, no. 2, pp. 175–207.
5. Sorokopudova O. E., Shirinyants A. A. [«The Russian question»: French russophobia in the 19th century]. In: Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta (ehlektronnyj zhurnal) [Bulletin of Moscow Region State University (e-journal)], 2014, no. 2. Available at: (accessed: 04.02.2019).
6. Tsaregorodtsev S. S., Shirinyants А. А. [In search of meaning: ideas as a factor of policy]. In: Vestnik Rossiiskoi natsii [Bulletin of Russian nation], 2018, no. 1, pp. 64–78.

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