Journal sections
Archive and statistics
Log in

Печатный вестник PRINTED
Издательство МГОУ Publishing house the

Our address: 105005, Moscow, Radio street,10a, office 98.

+7 (495) 780-09-42 add. 1740,
+7 (495) 723-56-31


Work schedule: Monday to Thursday from 10-00 to 17-30,

Friday from 10:00 to 16-00,

lunch break from 13:00 to 14-00.



BK Facebook Telegram Twitter Instagram

Bulletin of the MRSU / Section "Politics" / 2020 № 1.


A.K. Denil’khanov



UDC Index: 323.22/.28

Date of publication: 16.03.2020

The full text of the article

Downloads count Downloads count: 116


Purpose. The aim of the article is to analyze the evolution of political modernization and identify the features of the formation of the constitutional system in Russia. Methodology and Approach. From the point of view of General scientific methods (historicism, analysis and synthesis), the paper investigates the political situation in the Russian Empire, which is reflected in the discussions of the deputies of the first four State Duma on the political structure of Russia and the formation of the Supreme normative act-the Constitution-in a complex socio-political situation in the country. Results. The author comes to the conclusion that the lateness of the reforms, the vectors of political forces, the lack of consensus between the autocracy and the liberals-but the configured part of the population has led to the tragic events of re-involution of 1917. The practical implication of the article is that the appeal to the historical experience of the country will allow to reveal mistakes and shortcomings of the government and politically active part of society in the process of building a constitutional order, and to determine the prospects for modernization of the Russian state.

Key words

the Constitution, liberalism, reform, Code of Laws of the Russian Empire, the State Duma

List of references

1. Bondar’ N. S. Konstitutsionnaya modernizatsiya rossiiskoi gosudarstvennosti: v svete praktiki konstitutsionnogo pravosudiya [Constitutional modernization of the Russian state: the aspect of constitutional justice practice]. Moscow, YUNITI-DANA Publ., 2014. 198 p.
2. Gaida F. [The Manifest of October 17: how Count Witte was saving Russia]. In: Zhivaya istoriya. Net nichego sovremennee istorii [Living story. There is nothing more modern than history], 2015, no. 5, pp. 4–8.
3. Hegel G. W. F. Raboty raznykh let. T. 2 [Works of different years. Vol. 2]. Moscow, Institute of Philosophy, USSR Academy of Sciences Publ., Mysl’ Publ., 1971. 630 p.
4. Gutorov V. A., Shirinyants A. A. [Terrorism and revolution]. In: Przegląd Strategiczny, 2018, no. 11, pp. 243–255.
5. Gutorov V. A., Shirinyants A. A. [Terrorism as a theoretical and historical problem: some aspects of the interpretation]. In: Polis. Politicheskie issledovaniy [Policy. Policy research], 2017, no. 3, pp. 30–54.
6. Denil’khanov A. Kh. [The origin of Russian parliamentarism: the question of elections in the I – IV State Duma of the Russian Empire]. In: Vlast’ [Power], 2018, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 116–128.
7. Zakharov N. A. Sistema russkoi gosudarstvennoi vlasti. Yuridicheskoe issledovanie [The system of Russian state power. Juridical research]. Novocherkassk, Electrotap. F. Tunikova, 1912. 324 p.
8. Zyryanov P. N. Krest’yanskaya obshchina evropeiskoi Rossii, 1907–1914 gg.: avtoref. dis. … dokt. ist. nauk [The peasant community of European Russia, 1907–1914: abstract of D. thesis in Historical sciences]. Moscow, 1994. 31 p.
9. Istoriya terrorizma v Rossii v dokumentakh, biografiyakh, issledovaniyakh [The history of terrorism in Russia in documents, biographies, research]. Rostov-on-don, Feniks Publ., 1996. 570 p.
10. Kizevetter A. A. Sergei Andreevich Muromtsev. Predsedatel’ Pervoi Gosudarstvennoi Dumy [Sergei Andreevich Muromtsev. The President of The First State Duma]. Moscow, Zadruga Publ., 1918. 16 p.
11. Medushevsky A. N. [Constitutional modernization of Russia: strategy, direction and methods]. In: Zakon [Law], 2013, no. 12, pp. 41–52.
12. Novgorodtsev P. I. Lektsii po istorii filosofii prava. Ucheniya Novogo vremeni. XVI– XIX vv. [Lectures on the history of the philosophy of law. Doctrines of New time. XVI– XIX centuries]. Moscow, Bookstore publishing house “High school” Publ., 1914. 236 p.
13. Pazin M. S. «Krovavoe voskresen’e». Za kulisami tragedii: [1905] [“Bloody Sunday”. Behind the scenes of the tragedy: [1905]]. Moscow, Yauza Publ., EKSMO Publ., 2009. 379 p.
14. Pronkin S. V. [Kryzhanovsky S. E. Notes of a Russian conservative]. In: Voprosy istorii [History issues], 1997, no. 2, pp. 115–130.
15. Pyzhikov A. V. Grani russkogo raskola. Tainaya rol’ staroobryadchestva ot 17 veka do 17 goda [Facets of Russian schism. The secret role of the old believers from the 17th century to 1917]. Moscow, Kontseptual Publ., 2018. 528 p.
16. Pyzhikov A. V. Korni stalinskogo bol’shevizma [The roots of Stalinist Bolshevism]. Moscow, Argumenty nedeli Publ., 2015. 382 p.
17. Ryabushinsky V. P. Staroobryadchestvo i russkoe religioznoe chuvstvo [Old belief and the Russian religious feeling]. Moscow, Jerusalem, Mosty Publ., 1994. 240 p.
18. Smirnov A. F. Gosudarstvennaya Duma Rossiiskoi imperii: 1906–1917: istoriko-pravovoi ocherk [The state Duma of the Russian Empire: 1906–1917: Historical and legal essay]. Moscow, Kniga and business Publ., 1998. 665 p.
19. Belsky V. Yu., Borozdin A. N., Gusev N. N. et al. Terrorizm v istoricheskoi retrospektive i sovremennykh usloviyakh [Terrorism in historical retrospective and modern conditions]. Moscow, YUNITI-DANA Publ., 2017. 479 p.
20. Tyrkova-Vil’yams A. V. Na putyakh k svobode [On the way to freedom]. Moscow, Moscow School of Political Studies Publ., 2007. 392 p.
21. Shirinyants A. A. [Intellectuals, nihilism and terrorism in Russia in the second half of XIX – early XX centuries]. In: Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii [Bulletin of the Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia], 2014, no. 9, pp. 28–32.
22. Fitzpatrick S. The Russian Revolution. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 1994. 199 p.
23. Hegel G. W. F. Uber die wissenschafllichen Behandlungen des Naturrechts, seine Stelle in der praktischen Philosophie und sein Verhaltnis zu den positivcn Rechtswissenschaften. In: Hegel G. W. F. Sämtliche Werke. Bd. VII. Leipzig, 1923, ss. 325–411.
24. Hosking G. А. The Russian Constitutional Experiment: Government and Duma, 1907–1914. New York, London, Cambridge University Press, 1973. 281 p.
25. MacDaniel T. Autocracy, capitalism, and revolution in Russia. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1988. 500 p.

Лицензия Creative Commons