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Вестник МГОУ / Раздел "Биология" / 2013 № 4.

 

РОЛЬ ФИЗИЧЕСКОЙ АКТИВНОСТИ В ПРОФИЛАКТИКЕ И КОРРЕКЦИИ СЕРДЕЧНО-СОСУДИСТЫХ ЗАБОЛЕВАНИЙ. Обзор литературы / Голованов С.А., Архипов Р.Н., Анохина Н.Д., Расулов М.М. // Вестник Московского государственного областного университета (Электронный журнал). 2013. № 4.


Индекс УДК: 612. 017.2: 613.84

Дата публикации: 26.12.2013

Полный текст статьи

Кол-во скачиваний Кол-во скачиваний: 30

Аннотация


В обзорной статье приведены современные литературные данные о роли физической активности в профилактике и лечении сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний. Показано, что регулярная физическая активность оказывает существенный положительный эффект на здоровье и производительность труда. Эти эффекты легко предсказуемы, зависят от величины нагрузок, реализуемы для широкого круга лиц. Приведены сведения об изменениях уровней оксида азота, свободных радикалов и «гасителей» свободных радикалов в клетках, а также о молекулярных процессах в эндотелии и мышцах (таких, как высокий уровень метаболизма фосфатов и сниженная экспрессия NAD(P)H оксидазы). Эти изменения зависят от интенсивности физических упражнений, демонстрирующих снижение оксидативного стресса при умеренной физической активности. Представлены рекомендации по программированию упражнений для лиц, страдающих различными заболеваниями сердечно-сосудистой системы.

Ключевые слова


физическая активность, сердечно-сосудистые заболевания, профилактика, молекулярные процессы, оксидативный стресс.

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